Hello, I’m Chris Richter and welcome back again. We’re going to look at the notes that make up a chord and how chords are created. To do that before we go into looking at the guitar we need to look at what the notes are that we have to use and what what we can actually make a chord up out of and then what a chord is formed with then transfer that onto
guitar. So bear with me and we’ll start right from the beginning.
So we know that in music we have all the notes from A all the way to G so A to G A B C D E F and G but just to confuse things a little bit which is why this makes it more confusing we have some extra notes in between those. So if we start at A
and work our way through we have A then we have A# which is also Bb then we have B then there’s nothing between B and C so it’s just B straight to C. So we’re at C now then we have C# which is also Db. Then we have D then we have D# which is also Eb, then we have E then we go straight to F then we have F# which is Gb then we have G then we have G#
which is also Ab.
Okay so they’re all the notes that we’ve got. So working through all of those it is exactly the same as and there was 12 all together when we got back to the octave which is the same note above, so A to A. If we’re going to start on the guitar and have a look how the guitar works you’ll notice that our open string we have is E and then we have E on the 12th fret. So
let’s count our notes one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve and then there’s our octave. So if we’re going to play through those notes and look at them as we play them we’ve got E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# and we’re back to E again.
So we’ve worked out that they’re the 12 notes we have all the way up to then one extra to take us to the octave. So we’ve got 12 notes to work with okay that’s where we start from those 12 notes. How a chord is structured a chord is created by using a certain combination of those notes and usually a chord has three notes in it. So we’re only worried about three notes and the first type of chord that we’ll look at is a Major chord and a Major chord is made up of a certain distance between the first the second and the third note and that distance we’re talking about is what’s called semitones. So when we look at our guitar one fret to the next fret is called a semitone so that means E to F is a semitone F to F# or to Gb it’s the same note so F to Gb is also a semitone.
So when we make up a Major chord all we are doing is taking a pattern of three notes divided by a certain amount of semitones and for a Major chord it is four semitones then four semitones then three semitones. What I mean by that if we start on a C note there’s our C note just here and on our bit of music down that we’ve got there now are our notes, we start on C and we go up four semitones so we go one two three four that takes us from C all the way up to E. We then go up three semitones one two three and that’s taken us from C to E up to G. So they’re the three notes that make up a C
Major chord and the reason that they create a C Major chord is because they are split by that pattern of four semitones then three semitones.
To show you again if we’re going to do a G chord we’d start on G we go up one two three four so from G that takes us to a B so we’ve got G B and then we go up one two three semitones so that’s four semitones then three semitones G B and D
and they’re the three notes that make up a G chord. Now how do we transfer that to guitar if we’re looking at the notes in a G chord G B D all you have to do is find the strings or the notes on a guitar that will make up any of those or create any of those three notes. So to do that we’re looking for a G first and we know that that’s a G note just there there’s our G we’re looking for either a G B or a D note. Now we have an open D string just there so we can keep playing that we also have a B note just here on the fifth string second fret. So we’ve got a G a B and a D we’ve also got an open G string so that’s another note we can use out of those three notes. We also have an open B string that’s pretty convenient and we also have down here the G note. E F G on the thin string so a G chord is made up of G B and D and because we’ve found all of those notes on the guitar if we put our fingers in that position that should look very familiar to you as a G chord.
The same works with any other chord all you need to do is find the notes on the guitar that fit that pattern of chords.
So for a Major chord it’ll be four semitones followed by three semitones. Let’s try a C chord. So a C chord we start on C we go up one two three four that takes us to an E note that’s an E note there. So C E there we go from there we go up three, one two three which is a G note. So the notes are C E and G, they’re the three notes that make up a C chord. Let’s go find those we know the two outside notes are E so we can use those because in a C chord, C Major chord we’ve got E notes. We also know that that is a C note A B C there’s a C note there. So that’s part of our C chord we also know that because that’s an E and from our octaves training we also know that that’s an E. So we’ve got a C and an E we have an open G string which is part of a C chord, C E G, open G string. We also have a B string just there if we put our first finger on that becomes C so there’s another note for C our two outside strings are both E which is part of the C chord.
So we now have all the notes we need for a C chord and there is our C Major chord and that’s how chords are created, how they’re structured and how they’re created for you to be able to play them on guitar. So you could go and work out all different combinations of C chords wherever a C chord fits and that chord will have those notes C E and G in that chord. So that’s all C E and G C E and G, C E and G.
Hope that’s been helpful. If you’d like to learn more about learning guitar I’ve got some lessons for you there’s some
free lessons there, ones you can try out for yourself. There should be down a link down the bottom so grab those. My name is Chris Richter, I hope that’s been really helpful to you and I look forward to seeing you in the next video.